Modals

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Modals

Examples

Modals are streamlined, but flexible, dialog prompts with the minimum required functionality and smart defaults.

Overlapping modals not supported

Be sure not to open a modal while another is still visible. Showing more than one modal at a time requires custom code.

Mobile device caveats

There are some caveats regarding using modals on mobile devices. See our browser support docs for details.

Static example

A rendered modal with header, body, and set of actions in the footer.

<div class="modal fade">
  <div class="modal-dialog">
    <div class="modal-content">
      <div class="modal-header">
        <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="modal" aria-hidden="true">&times;</button>
        <h4 class="modal-title">Modal title</h4>
      </div>
      <div class="modal-body">
        <p>One fine body&hellip;</p>
      </div>
      <div class="modal-footer">
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-default" data-dismiss="modal">Close</button>
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">Save changes</button>
      </div>
    </div><!-- /.modal-content -->
  </div><!-- /.modal-dialog -->
</div><!-- /.modal -->

Live demo

Toggle a modal via JavaScript by clicking the button below. It will slide down and fade in from the top of the page.

<!-- Button trigger modal -->
<button class="btn btn-primary btn-lg" data-toggle="modal" data-target="#myModal">
  Launch demo modal
</button>

<!-- Modal -->
<div class="modal fade" id="myModal" tabindex="-1" role="dialog" aria-labelledby="myModalLabel" aria-hidden="true">
  <div class="modal-dialog">
    <div class="modal-content">
      <div class="modal-header">
        <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="modal" aria-hidden="true">&times;</button>
        <h4 class="modal-title" id="myModalLabel">Modal title</h4>
      </div>
      <div class="modal-body">
        ...
      </div>
      <div class="modal-footer">
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-default" data-dismiss="modal">Close</button>
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">Save changes</button>
      </div>
    </div><!-- /.modal-content -->
  </div><!-- /.modal-dialog -->
</div><!-- /.modal -->

Make modals accessible

Be sure to add role="dialog" to .modal, aria-labelledby="myModalLabel" attribute to reference the modal title, and aria-hidden="true" to tell assistive technologies to skip the modal's DOM elements.

Additionally, you may give a description of your modal dialog with aria-describedby on .modal.

Usage

The modal plugin toggles your hidden content on demand, via data attributes or JavaScript. It also adds .model-open to the <body> to override default scrolling behavior and generates a .modal-backdrop to provide a click area for dismissing shown modals when clicking outside the modal.

Via data attributes

Activate a modal without writing JavaScript. Set data-toggle="modal" on a controller element, like a button, along with a data-target="#foo" or href="#foo" to target a specific modal to toggle.

<button type="button" data-toggle="modal" data-target="#myModal">Launch modal</button>

Via JavaScript

Call a modal with id myModal with a single line of JavaScript:

$('#myModal').modal(options)

Options

Options can be passed via data attributes or JavaScript. For data attributes, append the option name to data-, as in data-backdrop="".

Name type default description
backdrop boolean or the string 'static' true Includes a modal-backdrop element. Alternatively, specify static for a backdrop which doesn't close the modal on click.
keyboard boolean true Closes the modal when escape key is pressed
show boolean true Shows the modal when initialized.
remote path false

If a remote URL is provided, content will be loaded via jQuery's load method and injected into the root of the modal element. If you're using the data-api, you may alternatively use the href attribute to specify the remote source. An example of this is shown below:

<a data-toggle="modal" href="remote.html" data-target="#modal">Click me</a>

Methods

.modal(options)

Activates your content as a modal. Accepts an optional options object.

$('#myModal').modal({
  keyboard: false
})

.modal('toggle')

Manually toggles a modal.

$('#myModal').modal('toggle')

.modal('show')

Manually opens a modal.

$('#myModal').modal('show')

.modal('hide')

Manually hides a modal.

$('#myModal').modal('hide')

Events

Bootstrap's modal class exposes a few events for hooking into modal functionality.

Event Type Description
show.bs.modal This event fires immediately when the show instance method is called.
shown.bs.modal This event is fired when the modal has been made visible to the user (will wait for CSS transitions to complete).
hide.bs.modal This event is fired immediately when the hide instance method has been called.
hidden.bs.modal This event is fired when the modal has finished being hidden from the user (will wait for CSS transitions to complete).
$('#myModal').on('hidden.bs.modal', function () {
  // do something…
})
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